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MSME stands for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise. MSME or SSI enterprises are the foundation of any economy and are an engine of economic growth, advancing impartial improvement for all. MSME registration or SSI registration helps businesses avail multiple government subsidies and benefits MSMED act.
Micro, Small and Medium sized enterprises in both the manufacturing and service sector can obtain MSME Registration or SSI registration under the MSMED Act. Although getting MSME registration is not mandatory but it is always suggested to small and medium enterprises to get it done it provides a variety of benefits. Benefits such as rate of interest charged would be very less, tax subsidies, capital investment subsidies and much other support from the government sector.
ADVANTAGES OF MSME / SSI REGISTRATION
The rate of interest on loan offered to MSMEs is 1-1.5% lower compared to typical business loan interest.
PM Modi has introduced the Mudhra Loan scheme, which provides loans to MSME / SSI without collaterals.
Business registered under MSME are given higher preference in terms of government license and certification.
MSME / SSI registered businesses enjoy multiple income taxes and capital gains tax subsidies from the government.
Charges are lower for MSME registered company for facilities such as electricity and VAT exemptions. In fact, other business services such as patents are also cheaper for MSMEs.
There are multiple government tenders which are open only to MSMEs to promote small business participation in the India.
Government Registration Fees
Document submission to MSME registrar
Obtain MSME certificate
There are 3 types of MSME or SSIs which can be classified as under:
Micro-enterprises are the smallest entities, of course. The investment under Micro manufacturing enterprises should be less than Rs. 25 lakhs in plant and machinery, whereas, the micro service enterprises should not exceed Rs. 10 lakhs investment.
In small manufacturing enterprises, the investment should be in between Rs. 25 lakh and Rs. 5 crores in plant and machinery, while in small service enterprises this investment limits between Rs. 10 lakh and Rs. 2 crores.
And if we’ll talk about the Medium manufacturing enterprises, then the investment should be in between Rs. 5 crore and Rs. 10 crores in plant and machinery, and for small service enterprises it should be in between Rs. 2 crore and Rs. 5 crores.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Although, there is no compulsion to get MSME registration but is always advised to do so as it provides lots of benefits to the enterprises registered under MSME Act. It will save you from a lot of inconveniences later on. After assigning you the Provisional MSME Certificate and you can begin with your production and even apply for a Permanent Certificate which will add more advantages for you. Always apply for provisional registration at an initial stage of the business.
As said above, SSI/MSME registration is totally voluntary. Businessmen and entrepreneurs usually get this done to utilise the advantages offered under it. The registration process is quite easy and simple. You can easily avail it (provided you have a manufacturing plant or a commercial space where you render services), many businesses opt for it over other registrations.
It is advisable to get a Provisional SSI Registration Certificate (PRC) before starting your operation in your enterprise. The PRC will work smoothly for you and will help you out with particular NOCs and clearances from regulatory bodies.
If your business or enterprise is listed under Schedule –III of Industrial Licensing Exemption Notification, then you can easily apply for PRC without an industrial license. Other units must first acquire an industrial license. All the clearances should be obtained by enterprise whether it be statutory or administrative. For example, a drug license under the drug control order, if required. The PRC is issued based on the application form. No field enquiry is made.
The validation of a PRC is for 5 years and if the unit is still not under operational then you may still re-apply for it. As soon as you start with your operations, you can easily apply for the Permanent License.
MSMEs are recognised by all the institutions and banks. Special schemes are drafted to recognise them as well. Banks prefer MSMEs instead of normal enterprises to lend loans. The possibility of getting a sanctioned loan is much higher in a case of MSME. Bank loan interest rates will also be lower. There may also be preferential treatment in case of delay in repayment.
Many state government prefers enterprises which are registered under MSMED Act. Subsidy such as on power, taxes, and much more is offered by state governments. In most of the states, sales tax exemption is provided purchase preferences is given on goods produced. The enterprise may also relish excise exemption scheme and exemption from certain direct taxes in the initial years of your business.
While computing the value of Plant and Machinery, only original value is asked to be taken into account as per the MSME notification.
Certain trust such as Credit Guarantee Fund Trust has been set up by Ministry of MSME, Government of India and SIDBI, so that there won’t be any breakage in the flow of credit to the MSE sector without any interference from the third party. The scheme is solidified on the basis that the lender should give importance to project viability and secure the credit facility purely on the primary security of the assets financed.
Cluster based approach to lending is intended to provide a full-service approach to cater to the diverse needs of the MSE sector which may be achieved through extending banking services to recognised MSE clusters.
The banks have, therefore, been advised to treat it as a thrust area and increasingly adopt the same for SME financing. Banks are always asked to take appropriate steps so that the flow of credit is smoothly done to the identified clusters of micro and small entrepreneurs from the Minorities Communities residing in the minority concentrated districts of the country.
The CGTMSE would provide cover for credit facility up to Rs. 100 lakh which have been extended by lending institutions without any collateral security. A nominal annual fee is charged by the CGTMSE to avail of the guarantee cover.
Credit rating is an estimate to figure out the capability of an enterprise to meet all the financial needs based on the previous year dealings. Although credit rating is not compulsive but it is in the interest of the MSE borrowers to get their credit rating done as it would help in credit pricing of the loans taken by them from banks.